May 23rd – HMCS TORONTO

HMCS TORONTO’s Systems

Command and Control Systems:
TORONTO’s combat system incorporates state of the art technology in communications, sensors and weapons with highly trained professionals within the concept of its CCS. This system integrates the various detection systems, weapons platforms, and communication systems with sophisticated multi-purpose computers to detect, track, and engage all hostile threats. The personnel who operate this system form its heart, and continuous training and maintenance ensure maximum fighting effectiveness as well as safety. Speed of detection and evaluation is of primary concern, and the CCS actively fulfills this role.

Communications Systems:
Highly reliable and effective communications are fundamental requirements for TORONTO. The effectiveness of a warship at sea is measured by its ability to share information with other ships and shore agencies. The ships integrated communication system (SHINCOM) employs digital technology to integrate and control our internal and external communications systems. The SHINCOM system enables TORONTO to utilize voice, radio, data link, and satellite communications, as well as providing an effective way to communicate with each other within the ship.

Armament:
TORONTO’s armament includes a very impressive collection of tactical and defensive weapons and sensors. Underwater acoustic sensors such as the CANTASS and hull mounted sonar provide the ship with the ability to probe the depths of the ocean to detect today’s most silent and deadly submarines. The primary ASW weapon is the MK-46 torpedo. Equally impressive is Toronto’s surface to surface armament. The AN/SPS-49 and Sea Giraffe radars provide long range surface and air surveillance. When combined with helo-borne radar and CANTASS detections, the ship’s detection abilities extend well beyond the horizon. The main ASUW weapons are the long-range Harpoon anti-ship missile, and the 57mm automatic gun. TORONTO’s AAW systems provide some of the best in air defense available today. Targets can be detected by one or more sensors, including the Canadian Electronic Warfare System (CANEWS). The primary weapon against airborne targets is the semi-active guided Evolved Sea-Sparrow missile. It homes on targets illuminated by one of two Separate Tracking & Illuminating fire control Radars (STIR). Electronic countermeasures such as RAMSES, and Shield II chaff/IR decoys provide soft kill capability by decoying enemy missiles away from the ship. If the target penetrates the above defences, the Vulcan Phalanx CIWS is used.

Main Propulsion System:
TORONTO is powered by a combined diesel or gas (CODOG) propulsion system comprised of a twenty cylinder Pielstick cruise diesel, and two General Electric LM 2500 gas turbines. A CODOG arrangement allows the ship to be powered by either the diesel engine or one, or both, gas turbines. Acoustic and thermal engine enclosures allow the machinery spaces to be far quieter and cooler than Canada’s older steam powered destroyers. A Canadian designed infra-red heat reduction system known as DRES Ball, also significantly reduces the ship’s external heat signature. TORONTO’s diesel engine provide impressive fuel economy and endurance, while the GTs permit speeds in excess of thirty knots. Power is transmitted through a cross-connect gear box to the two shafts and their variable pitch propellers. Selection, control, and monitoring of the main engines, gearbox, shafts, and all other auxiliary machinery can be achieved from a number of positions including the bridge, the Machinery Control Room, as well as both engine rooms.

Integration and Engineering Control Systems:
Our ship is a marvel of modern integration and control systems. Another Canadian designed system called the Integrated Machinery Control System (IMCS) integrates a French diesel engine, American gas turbines, a Dutch gearbox, and German propellers, and makes the entire plant run smoothly. IMCS employs 2700+ sensors throughout the ship to provide us with state of the art control of our systems. Automatic monitoring and transfer of all fuel, fresh water and ballast is also controlled through this system. Damage control is also automated through the use of the Damage Control System (DCS). This system contains over 900 sensors to monitor and control any damage we may sustain. In the event of a fire, a shipwide network of heat and smoke detectors will alert the crew immediately, and either remote or automatic operation of fitted fire suppression systems will extinguish the majority of fires. Ventilation is also controlled and monitored. During an emergency fans will automatically shut down, and the ventilation system will reconfigure itself to limit the spread of smoke. Flooding can also be detected through a network of bilge alarms. The firemain runs the entire length of the ship, and the fitted hydrants and sprinklers can be supplied by either of the seven fire pumps.

Electrical Systems:
Our electricity is generated by four diesel generator sets which supply two electrical switchboards. Each of these generators are mounted in individual acoustic enclosures, and are located in the auxiliary machinery rooms, two forward and two aft. The separation of these generators ensure that one or more will remain operational despite battle damage occurring to a section of the ship. These four diesel combine to provide up to 3.4 megawatts of power.

Source: http://www.marine.forces.gc.ca/toronto

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~ by emagedphotography on Friday, May 23, 2008.

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